| DAILY PERGAMON TOUR
Pergamon or Pergamum was an ancient Greek city, in Mysia, north-western Anatolia, 16 miles from the Aegean Sea, located on a promontory on the north side of the river Caicus (modern day Bakırçay), that became an important kingdom during the Hellenistic period, under the Attalid dynasty, 281133 BC.
The Attalid kingdom was the rump state left after the collapse of the Kingdom of Thrace.
The Attalids, the descendants of Attalus, father of Philetaerus who came to power in 281 BC following the collapse of the Kingdom of Thrace, were among the most loyal supporters of Rome in the Hellenistic world. Under Attalus I (241-197 BC), they allied with Rome against Philip V of Macedon, during the first and second Macedonian Wars, and again under Eumenes II (197-158 BC), against Perseus of Macedon, during the Third Macedonian War. For support against the Seleucids, the Attalids were rewarded with all the former Seleucid domains in Asia Minor.
The Attalids ruled with intelligence and generosity. Many documents survive showing how the Attalids would support the growth of towns through sending in skilled artisans and by remitting taxes. They allowed the Greek cities in their domains to maintain nominal independence. They sent gifts to Greek cultural sites like Delphi, Delos, and Athens. They defeated the invading Celts. They remodeled the Acropolis of Pergamum after the Acropolis in Athens. When Attalus III (138-133 BC) died without an heir in 133 BC he bequeathed the whole of Pergamon to Rome, in order to prevent a civil war.
Asclepeion - Three kilometers south of the Acropolis was the Sanctuary of Asclepius (also known as the Asclepeion), the god of healing. In this place people with health problems could bathe in the water of the sacred spring, and in the patients' dreams Asclepius would appear in a vision to tell them how to cure their illness. Archeology has found lots of gifts and dedications that people would make afterwards, such as small terracotta body parts, no doubt representing what had been healed. Notable extant structures in the Asclepeion include:
Red Basilica - Pergamon's other notable structure is the Serapis Temple (Serapeum) which was later transformed into the Red Basilica complex, about one kilometer south of the Acropolis. It consists of a main building and two round towers. In the first century AD, the Christian Church at Pergamon inside the main building of the Red Basilica was one of the Seven Churches to which the Book of Revelation was addressed.
Itinerary of the tour
08.30 Pick up from your hotel in Kusadasi
09.00 Pick up from your hotel in Selcuk or bus station
Fully guided Pergamon tour visiting the following:
Asclepion and Health Centre
The Sanctuary of Trajan (also known as the Trajaneum)
The Sanctuary of Athena
The Upper Agora
The Roman baths complex
The Hellenistic Theater with a seating capacity of 10,000. This had the steepest seating of any known theater in the ancient world,
The Temple of Dionysus,
Original place of Zeus Altar,
The Red Basilica, originally a temple of Serapis
Lunch is included
We will drop you off your hotel in Kusadasi or Selcuk
We can drop you off bus station and help you for your bus ticket for your next destination.
Please send an email to firstname.lastname@example.org for further information